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Social Determinants of Smoking Behavior:The Healthy Twin Study, Korea

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Authors
Kim, Youn Sik; Ko, Hansoo; Yoon, Changgyo; Lee, Dong-Hun; Sung, Joohon
Issue Date
2012-01
Publisher
KOREAN SOCIETY FOR PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
Citation
JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH = YEBANG UIHAKHOE CHI. Vol.45 No.1, pp. 29-36
Keywords
의약학SmokingSmoking cessationSocial classTwins
Abstract
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify any influence of socioeconomic status on smoking and smokingcessation in a situation where genetic factors are controlled.Methods: The sample for this study was 2502 members of the twins and families cohort who participated in the KoreanHealthy Twins Study from 2005 to 2009. Groups of brothers or sisters, including twins and fraternal twins, were comparedin terms of smoking and smoking cessation behaviors according to differences in socioeconomic status and gender.Results: In a situation with complete control of genetic factors, results showed that the daily smoking amount, cumulativesmoking amount, and dependence on nicotine decreased with higher-status occupations, and the rate of smoking andamount of cumulative smoking decreased with higher levels of education. Regarding smoking cessation behavior, a higherlevel of education was associated with a lower smoking cessation rate, and no significant gender differences were found.Conclusions: Environmental factors had a stronger influence on smoking behavior than did genetic factors. Geneticfactors had greater influence on smoking cessation than did environmental factors; however, this requires verification infurther studies.Key words: Smoking, Smoking cessation, Social class, Twins
ISSN
0254-5985
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/79885
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.1.29
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Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원)Dept. of Public Health (보건학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_보건학과)
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