S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
Toll-like receptor 9 mediates oral bacteria-induced IL-8 expression in gingival epithelial cells
- Kim, Youngsook; Jo, Ah-ram; Jang, Da Hyun; Cho, Yong-Joon; Chun, Jongsik; Min, Byung-Moo; Choi, Youngnim
- Issue Date
- NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
- Immunology and Cell Biology, Vol.90 No.6, pp.655-663
- Previously, we reported that various oral bacteria regulate interleukin (IL)-8 production differently in gingival epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to characterize the pattern recognition receptor(s) that mediate bacteria-induced IL-8 expression. Among ligands that mimic bacterial components, only a Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 ligand enhanced IL-8 expression as determined by ELISA. Both normal and immortalized human gingival epithelial (HOK-16B) cells expressed TLR9 intracellularly and showed enhanced IL-8 expression in response to CpG-oligonucleotide. The ability of eight strains of four oral bacterial species to induce IL-8 expression in HOK-16B cells, and their invasion capacity were examined in the absence or presence of 2% human serum. The ability of purified bacterial DNA (bDNA) to induce IL-8 was also examined. Six out of eight strains increased IL-8 production in the absence of serum. Usage of an endosomal acidification blocker or a TLR9 antagonist inhibited the IL-8 induction by two potent strains. In the presence of serum, many strains lost the ability to induce IL-8 and presented substantially reduced invasion capacity. The IL-8-inducing ability of bacteria in the absence or presence of serum showed a strong positive correlation with their invasion index. The IL-8-inducing ability of bacteria in the absence of human serum was also correlated with the immunostimulatory activity of its bDNA. The observed immunostimulatory activity of the bDNA could not be linked to its CpG motif content. In conclusion, oral bacteria induce IL-8 in gingival epithelial cells through TLR9 and the IL-8-inducing ability depends on the invasive capacity and immunostimulating DNA. Immunology and Cell Biology (2012) 90, 655-663; doi:10.1038/icb.2011.85; published online 4 October 2011
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