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Apatite Coating of Electrospun PLGA Fibers Using a PVA Vehicle System Carrying Calcium Ions

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Authors
Kim, In Ae; Rhee, Sang-Hoon
Issue Date
2010
Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Citation
JOURNAL OF BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE-POLYMER EDITION, Vol.21, No.8-9, pp.1127-1141
Keywords
PLGAcoatingapatitePVAcalcium ion
Abstract
A novel method to coat electrospun poly(D, L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) fiber surfaces evenly and efficiently with low-crystalline carbonate apatite crystals using a poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) vehicle system carrying calcium ions was presented. A non-woven PLGA fabric was prepared by electrospinning: a 10 wt% PLGA solution was prepared using 1,1,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol as a solvent and electrospun under a electrical field of 1 kV/cm using a syringe pump with a flowing rate of 3 ml/h. The non-woven PLGA fabric, 12 mm in diameter and 1 mm in thickness, was cut and then coated with a PVA solution containing calcium chloride dihydrate (specimen PPC). As controls, pure non-woven PLGA fabric (specimen P) and fabric coated with a calcium chloride dihydrate solution without PVA (specimen PC) were also prepared. Three specimens were exposed to simulated body fluid for 1 week and this exposure led to form uniform and complete apatite coating layer on the fiber surfaces of specimen PPC. However, no apatite had formed to the fiber surfaces of specimen P and only inhomogeneous coating occurred on the fiber surfaces of specimen PC. These results were explained in terms of the calcium chelating and adhesive properties of PVA vehicle system. The practical implication of the results is that this method provides a simple but efficient technique for coating the fiber surface of an initially non-bioactive material with low-crystalline carbonate apatite. (C) Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010
ISSN
0920-5063
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/81049
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1163/092050609X12459295750316A
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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