S-Space College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학) Dept. of Forest Sciences (산림과학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_산림과학부)
Traditional forest conservation knowledge/technologies in the cordillera, northern philippines
- Camacho, Leni D.; Combalicer, Marilyn S.; Youn, Yeo-Chang; Combalicer, Edwin A.; Carandang, Antonio P.; Camacho, Sofronio C.; Luna, Catherine C. de; Rebugio, Lucrecio L.
- Issue Date
- Forest Policy and Economics, vol. 22, pp. 3-8
- Cordillera; Forest conservation technologies; Gen-gen; Indigenous/traditional Knowledge; Lappat; Muyong
- In the Philippines, indigenous knowledge has been recognized to contribute to sustainability of production
systems, having been validated for their technical and scientific soundness by many investigators. It was in
1992 that the Philippine government gave recognition to the potentials of indigenous knowledge systems
following the Earth Summit in 1992. Prior to this, scientists/researchers, development workers and
lawmakers in the Philippines were preoccupied with their craft seeking “modern” ways of doing and
accomplishing things. Cordillera in the Northern Philippines is a host to many indigenous cultures like Isneg,
Kalinga, Bontok, Kankanaey, Tingguian, Gaddang, Ayangan and Tuwali, Kalanguya or Ikalahan, Ibaloy and Karao
whose traditional knowledge systems were subject of many studies and investigations.
The paper describes the different knowledge systems for natural resources management in the Cordillera as
practiced by the people with different beliefs, culture and traditions. The paper showcases different resource
conserving experiences in these cultures like muyong and ala-a systems of the Ifugaos; lapat among the Isneg
and Tingguians; inum-an, gen-gen, day-og, balkah, kinebbah, tuping and pamettey of the Ikalahans. These
knowledge systems have been practiced by the indigenous peoples in the Cordillera and have been
transmitted from generation to generation, making their way of life in harmony with their physical and
social surroundings. While culture is environment specific, adoption/transfer of some indigenous
technologies that may be fitting to other cultures and communities, with a little modification to suit their
needs, can be done.
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