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의학곤충의 살충제저항성에 관한 연구 제2편 집파리의 살충제에 대한 저항성발전에 대하여
Studies on Insecticide Resistance of Medical Insects Part II: Study on the development of resistance to insecticide in Korean houseflies (Musca domestica vicina Macquardt)

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Authors
김승두
Issue Date
1964-03-01
Publisher
서울대학교 의과대학
Citation
Seoul J Med 1964;5(1):45-54
Abstract
With regard to the resistance of the Korean housefly,
Wheeler et al first observed the susceptibility of
the Korean house-fly collected in Seoul to DDT, lindane.
dieldrin and malathion in 1956, and found that
the Seoul strain was susceptible as compared with various
strains in Japan. In 1960, Paik reported that the
Seoul strains has a high degree of resistance that corresponds
to the fly colony resistant No. 2 at the Orlando
Laboratory, Fla.. U.S.A. My observation on the
insecticide susceptibility of the strains collected from
five localities in 1962, indicated that the Korean strain
has a high degree of tolerance to DDT as compared
with the strains tested in Europe. He also pointed out
that the high degree of tolerance to DDT might be
due to some physiological characteristics of the Korean
strain.
Up to now many experiments on the induction of
resistance in laboratory was performed for Musca domestica
L. in many countries. However, the results
obtained from M. domestica vicina Macquardt are seen
quite scarce. Therefore, the writer carried out a study
on the development of insecticide-resistance of the
Seoul strain of M. domestica vicina under the artificial
selection pressures with p,p'-DDT, T-BHC and malathion.
Some of the important results so far obtained
can be summarized as follows:
1. At the 16 th generation of continuous selection with
p,p-DDT, the Seoul strain had become more than
2.6 times as resistant as the original strain. In other
word, the LDso was increased only from 69.69
microgram to 188.70 microgram.
2. At the 16 th generation of continuous selection with
T BHC the strain had become more than 21.6 times
as resistant as the original strain. The LDso was
changed from 0.95 microgram to 20.48 microgram.
3. At the 16 th generation of continuous selection
with malathion, the strain had become more than
7.8 times as resistant as the original strain. The
LDso was increased from 0.68 microgram to 5.29
microgram.
4. In comparison with the results obtained from M.
domestica, the increasing of resistance-ratio of M.
domestica vicina for DDT was not remarkable.
5. It was observed that the DDT-resistance could not
be easily developed by means of conseutive application
in the strain which showed the tendency of
vigor tolerance like as the Seoul strain.
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/8170
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Appears in Collections:
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)The Seoul Journal of MedicineThe Seoul Journal of Medicine Vol. 05 No.1 (1964)
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