의료과오 감소를 위한 환자의 자기보호행동 및 의사결정과정 참여 수준
Reducing Medical Errors : Patients' Self Protect Behaviors and Involvement in Decision Making
- 안경애; 김정은; 강민아; 정연이
- Issue Date
- 보건행정학회지 Vol.16 No.3, pp. 70-85
- The purposes of this study were (1) to describe patients' behaviors to protect
themselves from medical errors and their involvement in decision making on the
diagnostic and treatment procedures (2) to examine whether patients' characteristics, such
as age, sex, education, experience of hospitalization and/or surgery influence their self
protect behaviors and involvement in decision making on the diagnostic and treatment
A survey was conducted with 99 patients visited one university hospital in Seoul,
Korea. A 20item questionnaire, a 4-point Likert scale, was used to measure the degree of patients' active involvement in decision making; patients' self protect behaviors regarding
medication, hospitalization, and surgery; and commtm.ication (Cronbach's alpha=0.801).
SPSS 12.0 was used for the descriptive and correlation analysis.
Only 6.1% of the participants were involved in the decision making process for the
diagnostic tests and treatment. More patients did self-protect behaviors associated with
the medication than other areas but widely varied from 18.2 to 94.3 % among various
items. More people with age of 60 or older compared to people in younger age groups
reported more protect behaviors particularly associated with medication.
Patient education is needed to improve their active role in preventing medical errors
and to promote patients' safety.