S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Material Science and Engineering (재료공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_재료공학부)
A strategy to enhance both VOC and JSC of A-D-A type small molecules based on diketopyrrolopyrrole for high efficient organic solar cells
- Choi, Yoon Suk; Jo, Won Ho
- Issue Date
- Elsevier B.V.
- Organic Electronics Vol.14 No.6, pp.1621-1628
- Four different diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP)-based small molecules (SMs) with A?D?A type structure were synthesized, where electron-donating unit (D) was systematically varied with different electron-donating power (thiophene vs. phenylene; thienothiophene vs. naphthalene) and different molecular planarity (bithiophene vs. thienothiophene; and biphenylene vs. naphthalene). The small molecules with weak donating unit (phenylene or naphthalene) have deeper HOMO energy levels than those with strong donating unit (thiophene or thienothiophene), and thus exhibit higher VOC. When the fused aromatic ring (thienothiophene or naphthalene) with planar molecular structure is introduced in SMs, the SMs exhibit high hole mobility and thus afford high JSC. As a result, the introduction of naphthalene (weak donating power and planar structure) enhances both VOC and JSC, resulting in a promising power conversion efficiency of 4.4%. This result provides a valuable guideline for rational design of conjugated small molecules for high performance organic solar cells.
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