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Korean Immigrants’ Place in the Discourse of Mestizaje: A History of Race-Class Dynamics and Asian Immigration in Yucatan, Mexico
“메스띠사헤”담론 내 한인 이민자들의 자리를 찾아서: 멕시코 유까딴의 인종-계급 역학과 아시아 이민의 역사

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Authors
Kim, Hahkyung
Issue Date
2012
Publisher
서울대학교 라틴아메리카연구소(SNUILAS)
Citation
Revista Iberoamericana, Vol.23 No.3, pp. 221-271
Keywords
PorfiriatoracehenequenKorean immigrationmestizajeMexicoclassCaste WarYucatán계급메스띠사헤멕시코유까딴인종에네껜인종카스트 전쟁뽀르피리오 정권한인이민
Description
본 논문은 서울대학교 라틴아메리카연구소 주최 2012년 제3회“라틴아메리카지역연구 대학(원)생 논문공모전”최우수상 수상 논문임
Abstract
In May 2005, the Korean community of Mérida, Yucatán, celebrated the centennial anniversary of the arrival of the first 1,033 Korean immigrant laborers who had been contracted to work for four years in the henequen plantations of the region. During the week-long Henequen Festival funded by the Korean embassy, the building hosting the Asociación Coreana reopened after four decades and the Hospital Amistad México-Corea was unveiled along with a commemorative monument. 1)Canal Once TV and MBC, two leading public broadcasting networks respectively from Mexico and Korea, also co-produced a three-part documentary titled Henequen exploring the history of Korean immigration to Mexico. In an interview from Henequen, the then First Lady of Mexico, Marta Sahagun de Fox, expressed “gratitude towards the Koreans that came over one hundred years ago and towards their contribution to Mexico” and (lack of) Mexican references to Korean immigrants in official government correspondences and Yucatecan print media from 1904 to 1909, this thesis reinterprets the significance of Korean immigration from a Mexican perspective. Unlike most analyses that tend to read Korean immigration only as an extension of Korean history, it contextualizes the event within Mexican history. It also identifies the economic and political interests of the Mexican government and Yucatecan plantation owners in relation to its Korean population.
ISSN
1598-7779
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/83916
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute of Latin American Studies (라틴아메리카연구소)Revista Iberoamericana (이베로아메리카연구)Revista Iberoamericana (이베로아메리카연구) vol.23 no.01/03 (2012)
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