S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Psychiatry (정신과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
Examination of categorical approach to symptom assessment: cross-validation of foulds¿ Delusions-Symptoms-States Inventory with Korean non-patient and patient groups
- Hwang, Samuel Suk-Hyun; Kim, Yeni; Chang, Jae Seung; Yun, Da Young; Kim, Yong Sik; Jung, Hee Yeon
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central Ltd
- BMC Psychiatry Vol.13 No.1, pp.1-8
- Schizophrenia; Self-report measure; Cross-validation; Delusion; Diagnose; Cluster analysis; Hierarchical class model; Power
- Background : Foulds’ Delusions-Symptoms-State Inventory (DSSI) has been purported to be a reliable, systematic categorical measure to assess the patients with schizophrenia according to the degree of illness. However, further cross-validations using other clinical measures and diverse samples from other cultures have not been advanced recently. We aimed to examine the validity of the DSSI hierarchical class model using both Korean non-patient and patient (schizophrenia and depression) groups.
Method : The hypothesis of inclusive, non-reflexive relationships among the DSSI classes was tested. The power of DSSI to detect presence of symptoms was assessed via cross-validation with other clinical measures, and the differences between the clinical features among the DSSI classes were examined using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI).
Results : The high rate of model conformity (91.1%) across the samples and cross-validation with other criterion measures provided further support for the validity of DSSI.
Conclusions : DSSI is a reliable self-report measure that can be applied to both patient and non-patients to assess the presence and severity of psychiatric illness. Future studies that include more diverse clinical groups are necessary to lend further support for its utility in clinical practice.