S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.61/64(2013)
5ㆍ18항쟁 초기 군부의 대응 - 학생시위의 시민항쟁으로의 전환 배경과 관련하여
Military Authorities" Counteract during the early period of 5.18 Uprising
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.62, pp. 279-309
- 5ㆍ18항쟁; 광주; 신군부; 공수부대; 시위진압; 5.18 Uprising; Gwangju; neo-military authorities; airborne troop; demonstration control
- On May 18th, 1980, civilians’ uprising broke out against the airborne troops’ brutal suppression in Gwangju. Neo-military authorities(신군부) planned to oppress the people’s request for democratization by moving the army in advance for the purpose of taking the power during so-called the ‘Spring of Seoul(서울의 봄)’. In addition, the neo-military elites fabricated ‘North Korea’s invasion to the South Korea’ and planned to control the civil society by mobilizing the army. In the afternoon on May 18th, air borne troops which were put into the town of Gwangju strong-armed so much to put down the student’s protest. They suppressed the civilians’ struggle brutally on May 19th. Their violence provoked the civilians to anger. Civilians in Gwangju joined the students’ protest naturally. Experiencing the terrible sights which occurred in the downtown of Gwamgju for 2 days, civilians gradually came to join the resistance, Consequently, 5.18 Uprising was the spontaneous uprising by civilians in Gwangju against the political mobilization of the army by the neo-military authorities and the airborne troops’ violent suppression.