S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.61/64(2013)
전남 지역의 고려~조선시대 越境地 분석
Study on Exclaves Located on Southern Jeolla Province in Goryeo and Joseon Dynasty
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.63, pp. 3-59
- 월경지; 주현; 속현; 특수 행정구역; 여말선초 군현제 개편; Exclave; Local Major County Commanding Some Minor Counties; Minor County Belonging to Local Major County; Special Administrative District; Local Administrative System Reform of the Transition Period between Goryeo and Joseon
- This article investigated on time and cause of formation, term of existence, change of belonging Upper County, and extinction of exclaves located on current Southern Jeolla Province in Goryeo and Joseon period. This article also classified each exclave by following criteria. Regarding on origin of formation, exclaves were classified into types originated from counties dependent on local major county, special administrative districts, special areas organized by dynastic purpose, and other villages. Also regarding on main transportation way with belonging Upper County and geographical conditions, they were divided into overland route preferred type, marine transportation preferred type, and island type. Comparing time of exclave formation, number of Exclaves formed during the early Goryeo period was much more than number of ones formed in the late Goryeo and Joseon period. As time goes by, some exclaves became extinct or their belonging Upper County was switched. On the other hand, new ones were formed on different areas. Changes of those sorts gradually increased from the middle Goryeo period, and major changes were accompanied in the course of reforming local administrative system of the transition period between Goryeo and Joseon. Current Southern Jeolla Province’ counties having exclaves in Goryeo period were mostly designated as traditional local hub cities. Local major counties’ regional influence became main impetus for forming and continuing their exclaves in Goryeo period, and it was not changed even in Joseon period.