S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.61/64(2013)
『車崔二義士傳』에 드러난 尊明排淸論의 변화
An alteration of the ideology loyalty to the Ming and revenge on the Qing in the biography of Cha and Choi, Two Martyrs(車崔二義士傳)
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.63, pp. 99-127
- 본 논문은 2012년 10월 18-10일에 개최된 제5회 규장각국제심포지엄 에서 발표한 발표문을 수정한 것임.
- This paper examined an phase of the ideology that revenge on the Qing Dynasty in the Joseon Dynasty during the late 18th century through analyzing the biography of Cha and Choi-two martyrs(車崔二義士傳) by Lee Ok(李鈺, 1760-1815). Choi Hyo-il had gone to the Qing Dynasty to revenge on the Qing and died beside the tomb of the Ming Dynasty’s emperor Yi-Zong(毅宗). As the icon of revenge on the Qing, the biographies of Choi Hyo-il had been kept through the 17th and 18th centuries by the intellectual class.
Writing the biography of Cha and Choi-two martyrs, Lee Ok didn’t follow the ideology of revenge on the Qing Dynasty like any other writers. He didn’t devaluate the other martyrs made the dust fly to block the collapse of the Ming Dynasty, but denied unconditional revenge. The contradictional coexistence between revenge and study on the Qing Dynasty relies structurally in the text, the biography of Cha and Choi-two martyrs. It can be witnessed the unique and balanced point of view that of Lee Ok’s.