S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.57/60(2012)
일본 출토 고려청자의 제작시기에 대한 연구 - 카마쿠라(鎌倉) 및 큐슈(九州) 지역을 중심으로
A Study on the manufature period of Goryo Celadon(高麗靑磁) excavated in Japan - Focused on the region of Kamakura and Kyushu -
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.59, pp. 139-164
- 고려청자; 카마쿠라; 큐슈; 베트남 호이안; 필리핀 팡가시난 볼리나오; 수단; Goryo Celadon(高麗靑磁); Kamakura; Kyushu; Hoian of Vietnam; Pagasinan; Bolinao of Philippines; Sudan
- Goryo Celadon can be seen in a relics of China and Japan of East Asia and Hoian of Vietnam and Pagasinan, Bolinao of Philippines in Soueast Asia area since the year of 1980.
Goryo Celadon excavated in Japan can be divided into 3 parts, 12th century, 13th century and 14th century. Goryo Celadon of 12th century and 13th century were found in a big city such as Kamakura, Kotyo and Kyushu. But it of 14th century excavated in japan generally has a tendency to be concentrated in Kyushu region.
Goryo Celadon of 12th century was excavated in Tsushima, Kyoto, Kamakura and so on. It is a high quality and the most of its form is a special bowls such as Maebyeong and Pillow which has a transparent Glaze and has a design like a Cloud and Lotus(蓮) described with a thin line.
Having a design of Cloud and Crane(雲鶴) and Yeoui(如意) with a skill of Inlay, Goryo Celadon of 13th century is not good quality more than Goryo Celadon of 12th century, and its Glaze is not clear and has a phenomenon not combined both body clay and white clay.
Goryo Celadon of 14th century were mainly discovered in a large quantity in Kitakyushu, Hataka, Okinawa and Tsushima in west area of Japan. Its quality is bad in both Body clay and Glaze.
Some Celadons of this period were excavated on the relics of Pangasinan Bolinao of Philippines. they were brought into this area in Philippines via Okinawa with Chinese Ceramics. It can be suggested that some Goryo Celadon of this period were exported to West Asia and North Africa such as Iran, Iraq, Egypt, Sudan via Southeast Asia.