S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.57/60(2012)
19세기 변란 참가층의 사회적 관계망과 존재양태
Social networks and Existence aspect of Upheaval participant in the 19th century
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.60, pp. 215-247
- 변란; 사회적 관계망; 향촌사회; 사란도; 정감록; Upheaval; social networks; contrycide society; ‘sarando’(思難徒); ‘Jeonggamrok’(鄭鑑錄)
- This study examined the participants’ social networks and their existence aspect of two 19th-century representative upheavals(Haeseu(海西)·Youngnamin(嶺南人) upheavals andReepiljeran(李弼濟亂)). First we could confirm the fact that ‘sarando’(思亂徒) is widely distributed in the late Joseon contrycide society. they were a poor scholar(貧士·寒儒) excluded or marginalized from the central and provincial power relations in the late Joseon period. Discussing Jeonggamrok(鄭鑑錄) kind of prophecy and divination, current events, they were able to determine the consciousness of kind with each other. Based on this recognizing they confered upheaval and formed a social network using blood and territorial relationship such as the primarily social relationship and Jeonggamrok and fengshui(風水) such as coronary. This network contains a hidden hope of the peoples but there was no prospect for the new society. Because networks could have a high scalability and voluntary loyalty.
Despite these limitations we can see some meaningful facts, that is the evolution of the network. Leaders organized ’Nanbonggye’(難逢契) or ‘Samseongdanggye’(三聲堂契), this was not the existing ‘gye’(契) namely ’Donggye’(洞契) or ‘Hyodogye’(鄕徒契) but was a kind of the organization that contained several provinces. This was one of the reasons why 19th century upheaval was able to be deployed beyond one area. The other one is the expansion of the new communication space. The market and inn developed in the late Joseon period, was functions as the communication space or the main stronghold to communicate gather information and comrades.
But Above all, the noted fact is a behavior patterns that upheaval participants concludes relationship to each other and a social phenomenon that allow such a thing. In other words is the fact that the groups have their own behavior in the form of communication was widely distributed in contrycide society, as well as the autonomous space they could communicate with each other was exteded in the late Joseon period.