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조선후기 체제인식과 민중운동 試論
A Tentative Investigation about the Thoughts on the Monarchy and the Popular Movements in the Late Joseon Period

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Authors
오수창
Issue Date
2013-12
Publisher
서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
Citation
한국문화, Vol.60, pp. 249-270
Keywords
民本理念君主制民衆運動反正丁若鏞People-first IdeologyMonarchyPopular MovementsRestoration of the RectitudeJeong Yakyong
Abstract
The popular movements in the late Joseon period were ultimately supposed to overthrow the monarchy. Although Joseon people couldn’t reach to reset the relationship with the hierarchy or bring about a system revolution for themselves, we should keep studying what direction such tasks were being performed in.

The ‘people-first’ ideology formulated in the early Joseon was progressive to stress the duty of the political elite. However, it was still the logic to justify the small ruling class. Including Jeong Yakyong in the 19th century, thinkers in the Joseon state did not seem to get over the Joseon ‘people-first’ ideology and organize a political ideology toward a new system. Meanwhile, Joseon dynasty was established to be crowned by subjects and two kings were replaced in the name of the restoration justified by subjects. They had stressed to the king that there were values more important than a state or a royal family.

All efforts to stand against state power and its violence became people’s political capability. People’s movements in the 19th century succeeded to their social experience of the previous time. It will be the significant task for study of popular movements to catch how the direct challenge against the state power was organized and performed.
ISSN
1226-8356
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/84168
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Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원)Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.57/60(2012)
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