S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.57/60(2012)
조선후기 체제인식과 민중운동 試論
A Tentative Investigation about the Thoughts on the Monarchy and the Popular Movements in the Late Joseon Period
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.60, pp. 249-270
- 民本理念; 君主制; 民衆運動; 反正; 丁若鏞; People-first Ideology; Monarchy; Popular Movements; Restoration of the Rectitude; Jeong Yakyong
- The popular movements in the late Joseon period were ultimately supposed to overthrow the monarchy. Although Joseon people couldn’t reach to reset the relationship with the hierarchy or bring about a system revolution for themselves, we should keep studying what direction such tasks were being performed in.
The ‘people-first’ ideology formulated in the early Joseon was progressive to stress the duty of the political elite. However, it was still the logic to justify the small ruling class. Including Jeong Yakyong in the 19th century, thinkers in the Joseon state did not seem to get over the Joseon ‘people-first’ ideology and organize a political ideology toward a new system. Meanwhile, Joseon dynasty was established to be crowned by subjects and two kings were replaced in the name of the restoration justified by subjects. They had stressed to the king that there were values more important than a state or a royal family.
All efforts to stand against state power and its violence became people’s political capability. People’s movements in the 19th century succeeded to their social experience of the previous time. It will be the significant task for study of popular movements to catch how the direct challenge against the state power was organized and performed.