S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소) Development and Society Korea Journal of Population and Development Vol.26 No.1/2 (1997)
The New Political Culture, Changing Policy Preferences of Mayors, And Changes of Urban Policies in Japan
- Jang, Won Ho
- Issue Date
- Korea Journal of Population and Development, Vol.26 No.2, pp. 55-78
- This paper is an attempt to explain the dynamics of the new politics in Japan by examining changes in local politics, the harbinger of national political changes. The theoretical position of this paper is based on the new political culture (NPC) perspective. The NPC perspective focuses on the changing political attitudes and actions of the public and the political elite in many advanced societies. From the NPC perspective, this paper examines the NPC policy preferences of the Japanese local mayors, which include populism, efficient fiscal spending, decentralization and anti-clientelistic politics. The influence of the NPC on the policy changes in the local governments is also examined. By examining the decline of clientelistic fiscal spending in the cites with NPC demographic characteristics, this paper shows the dynamic of the NPC in the local policy outputs.
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