S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 30 Number 1/4 (1994)
An Analysis of Nominal Reference Forms in English Conversational Stories
- Kim, Kyu-hyun
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.30 No.3, pp. 449-471
- This paper attempts to account for various uses of nominal reference forms in English conversational stories with special reference to the discourse-organizational and stance-marking functions. Focusing on references to persons introduced in conversational stories, I analyze cases in which a canonical distribution of reference forms is violated, e.g., cases in which a name is used when a pronoun is expected, by taking into account how the story is organized in terms of episodes and foreground/background distinction. I also attempt to explicate the interactional functions of reference forms like names, descriptive noun phrases, zero-anaphora, and demonstrative noun phrases by relating the organization of story-telling sequences to the speaker's stance toward the referent. The findings suggest that the uses of nominal reference forms often go beyond referring to a referent, and perform special interactional functions by conveying various types of non-referential information about the speaker's affective stance toward the referent and discourse structure in a given interactional context.