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한국어 부정 구문의 습득
The Acquisition of Negation in Korean

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Authors
김영주
Issue Date
1997-03
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.33 No.1, pp. 163-175
Abstract
본논문에서는 첫째,한국어를 배우는 어린이들이 일반적으로 어떤 발달 단계를 거치면서 부정구문을 산출하게 되는지 전체적인 습득 양상을 살펴 보고, 둘째, 부정문의 다양한 의미적 기능에 대응되는 구문의 습득 순서가 의미의 인지적 복잡성에 따라 결정된다고 하는 가설이 한국어 자료에서도 들어맞는지 볼 것이며, 마지막으로 어린이들이 부정문을 습득하는 과정에서 전형적으로 범하는 오류를 정리하고, 그에 대한 통사적 설명을 모색해보고 자 한다.

This paper reports the developmental pattern generally observed in Korean-speaking children’s acquisition of negation. Children begin to produce negative expressions such as silh-, eps-, ani-, or an tway as early as 1;7, but they do not produce the long-form negation V-ci a ηh- until 3; 3. Korean data seem not inconsistent with Pea’s (1980) prediction made on the basis of cognÌtìve complexity that the negative expression expressing rejection should appear first, followed by that for nonexistence, with denial being expressed last.
Some children sometimes produce errors in matching the form and function of negation, presumably because they have not acquired a sub-rule required for the appropriate use of negation. They also produce Neg Placement errors in which the Neg morpheme an or mos immediately precedes the D-Structure object of the verb, in addition to the correct form in whích Neg precedes the verb. The noμon of unaccusativity is utilized to account for the phenomenon.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/86074
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 33 Number 1/4 (1997)
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