S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 37 Number 1/4 (2001)
통합에 의한 이동동사 합성
Composite Locomotion Verbs in English
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.37 No.1, pp. 25-40
- There are some classes of verbs in English, which do not denote locomotion in themselves, but when they are used with certain prepositions or prepositional adverbs, they come to denote locomotion, as the following
example sentences show (1) Susan is floating on her back. (2) The logs are floating down the never.
In (1) the verb denotes a process of Susan resting on the top of water, whereas in (2), the preposition down is used, the verb denotes a process of something moving down on the top of water. We can note that the verb,
used with down, takes on the sense of locomotion. This is a common process of semantic change in English.
The purpose of this paper is to account for the semantic change from non-Iocomotion to locomotion in the framework of Cognitive Grammar. In this grammar the concept of integration plays an important role. Through
the process of integration, two or more constituents are integrated to form a larger and more complex expression. A non-Iocomotion verb such as fIoat is integrated with a path preposition such down to form a complex expression. In the process of integration, the non- Iocomotional verb takes sense of locomotion from the path preposition.