S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 37 Number 1/4 (2001)
‘X하다’와 ‘X를 하다’의 관계에 대하여
On the Relationship of ‘Xha-’ and ‘X+reul ha-’
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.37 No.1, pp. 63-85
- In this paper, I propose to analyze 'X+ha(do )' constructions like '[chak]+ha-(be good),' '[kkaekkeut]+ha-(be clean),' '[seolmyeong]+ha-(explain)' and '[pi-ga 01 teut]+ha-( seem likely to rain)' as 'Root Phrase(RP) + Verb
[+Suffix]' constructions. A root normally constitutes the base of a derivative. But I regard roots with the feature [+predicate) as a seperate pseudo part-of-speech and include 'Root Phrase (RP)' in the syntactic component. 'X' and 'ha-' are combined to form (A) '[[X]RP [ha-]V[+SUFFlX]v-'('Xha-') or (B) '[[X]NP+reul(obj. case marker) [[ha-)V[+SUFFIX]v]v'('X +reul ha-'). The 'X's in (A) and (B) are identical lexical items. So are 'ha-s' in (A) and (B). In (B), the meaning of 'X' is projected to '[ha-]v-' and therefore (B) is semantically analyzed as '[[X) NP+ reul [[e=X]RP [ha-]v[+SUFFlX]v-]v'. Hence the meaning of (A) and (B) becomes identical. Since 'ha-' in (B) has the projected meaning '[[e=x]RP [ha ]v[+SUFFlX]V-', it becomes an action, process, relation, or state verb depending on the meaning of 'X'. When 'ha- ' is used as an action or process verb, it can have 'object + verb' construction like 'X+reul ha-'. But it cannot have the 'object + verb' construction when it is a relation or state verb.