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후기중세국어 용언 어간의 성조와 기저형 설정

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Authors
유필재
Issue Date
2003
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.39 No.1, pp. 91-110
Keywords
accent typeaccentual Class Laccentual Class Haccentual Class Raccentual Class L!accentual Class H!accentual Class R!segmental condition
Abstract
In this paper, 1 would like to explore the correlations between segment and accent type in Middle Korean. Based on the correlations, the underlying form of verbs which has imperfect paradigm can be set up. In
Middle Korean one syllble verbs fall into 6 classes by accentual pattern. Class L, H, R show only one allomorph whose pitch is low, high, and low-high. Class L! show accentual pattern LLX(‘'L’' means low pitch, ‘'X’' 1S variables) when it is followed by binding vowel ʌ/ɯ Class R! verbs alternate R(‘'R’' means low-high pitch) before consonant and L before vowel. Class H! alternate L and H(‘'H’' means high pitch) according to the following endings. The correlations between segment and accent are as follows. If the
initial consonant of the verbs were aspirated, glotalized, or consonant cluster, the verb would belong to Class H. When the stem final consonant is voiceless, the verb belong to Class L or Class R, but the stem final consonant is h, ß, z, t/r, the verb belong to Class R! or L!. Other irregular verbs which has segmental structure ‘'X m, z, r + ʌ/ɯ’' are a11 atonic. They are usually two syllable verbs. From these correlations, we can infer underlying form of some verbs which have imperfect paradigm.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/86263
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 39 Number 1/4 (2003)
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