S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 42 Number 1/2 (2006)
Korean NPIs Scope over Negation
- Peter, Sells; Kim, Shin-Sook
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.42 No.2, pp. 275-297
- negation; negative polarity item; scope; Immediate Scope Constraint; existential quantifier; universal quantifier
- In this paper we argue that Korean negative polarity items (NPIs) are interpreted above the scope of negation, in contrast to NPIs in English which are interpreted within the scope of negation. On the syntactic side, we argue that the grammar of Korean requires a syntactic licensing mechanism, to constrain the distribution of NPIs to only negative clauses. On the semantic side, we show that the semantic relation between an NPI and negation is itself constrained by a generalized version of the Immediate Scope Constraint (proposed by Linebarger (1987), which requires that no other scopal element intervenes between an NPI and negation, regardless of their relative scopes.