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The Syntax of Numeral Classifiers: A Small Clause inside a DP

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Authors
Park, So-Young
Issue Date
2009
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.45 No.2, pp. 203-230
Keywords
numeral classifierssmall clausespredicationpredicationnumeral classifier floatingnominal functional projections
Abstract
This paper presents a unified analysis of various numeral classifier constructions in Korean. Capitalizing on the idea that a small clause structure is embedded within a DP, four patterns of numeral classifier constructions will be shown to receive a straightforward account. Pattern I, where a noun host precedes its numeral classifier, represents a basic underlying structure. Pattern II, where a genitive-marked numeral classifier precedes the noun associate, is analyzed as being derived from Pattern I by inverting the numeral classifier prior to its host noun (i.e., predicate inversion). When it comes to Pattern III and Pattern IV, where a noun associate and its numeral classifier surface separated from each other but the former does not have the Case-marking on a numeral classifier while the latter does. I propose that the two nominal phrases are linked to each other by a trace and by a pro, respectively. The proposed account, coupled with the minimal set of nominal functional projections, dispenses with stipulations on movement, and argues for the DP-hypothesis in Korean.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/86445
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 45 Number 1/2 (2009)
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