S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소) Development and Society Development and Society Vol.29 No.1/2 (2000)
Globalization: Against Reductionism and Linearity
- Khondker, Habibulhaque
- Issue Date
- Institute for Social Development and Policy Research, Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University
- Development and Society, Vol.29 No.1, pp. 17-33
- This paper challenges two popular notions that (1) globalization refers only to the economic unification of the globe integrating all the countries of the world under a single grid of market; and (2) globalization is a euphemism for “Westernization,” that is, the discourse of globalization is a Western hegemonic imposition on the rest of the world in the mode of “cultural imperialism.” Rather than viewing globalization as a narrow, economistic and exploitative process, the paper suggests that globalization is to be understood as a multi-dimensional process. As such, a more careful look at the various dimensions of globalization in all their complexities and contradictions is in order. The paper also argues against the popular myth that, as a mega-process affecting all aspects of our life, globalization unleashes destructive consequences by erasing differences, leading to a homogenized world. The paper takes issue with the popular criticism of globalization as “global pillage” and attempts to re-emphasize the notion of “global village.” Taking a dispassionate view of this process, this paper suggests that a return to the original usage is necessary, reiterating the heterogeneous and multi-cultural features of globalization processes that open possibilities for further theoretical and empirical explorations.
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