S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소) Development and Society Development and Society Vol.33 No.1/2 (2004)
Patterns of Migration and Occupational Attainment in Contemporary China : 1985-1990
- Liang, Zai
- Issue Date
- Institute for Social Development and Policy Research, Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University
- Development and Society, Vol.33 No.2, pp. 251-274
- Using data from the 1990 China Population Census, this paper examines the patterns of temporary and permanent migration in China. The results show that temporary migration is an important form of geographic mobility throughout China. Both change and continuity seem to be in place. Although educated people are more likely to be permanent migrants, cadres still enjoy advantages in moving to coastal regions. Even temporary migrants and rural migrants with high levels of education are still less likely to be employed in prestigious occupations, as compared to permanent migrants and migrants with urban origin. Despite the ever-increasing flow of rural migrants to cities, China’'s rural/urban hierarchy continues to restrict the life chances of millions of peasants.
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