S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소) Development and Society Development and Society Vol.37 No.1/2 (2008)
Quality Assurance and Mobility Prospects in Indian Higher Education
- Shukla, Anil; Trivedi, Tripta
- Issue Date
- Institute for Social Development and Policy Research, Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University
- Development and Society, Vol.37 No.1, pp. 77-95
- Higher Education in India is facing two major challenges: one is quality and the other is access. The Gross Enrolment Ratio in Higher Education is around 9%, while in the 11th Five Year Plan (2007~2012) it is proposed to be 15%. This almost doubles the capacity of enrolment while per capita expenditure on students in Higher Education has fallen to 20~25%. For this situation, India has a three pronged strategy –. increase in the number of Higher Education institutes; increased intake in existing institutes; and emphasis on Distance Education mode. The surge of students towards Higher Education makes the issue of Quality Assurance very pertinent so as to ensure the delivery of agreed standards. Now India’'s thrust is laid on ‘'quality with relevance’' where excellence should be acquired by few institutions and quality be maintained by all. Thus the apex bodies of Indian Higher Education like University Grants Commission, Knowledge Commission, National Assessment and Accreditation Committee are looking for ‘'quality gaps’' and design strategies to reduce these gaps. Whatever is proposed for maintaining quality in Higher Education in the 11th Five Year Plan and the current efforts being taken are analyzed threadbare in this paper, and the views of academicians, educational administrators, students and other stake-holders are also taken into consideration. The results show that quality assurance process is mostly ‘'output’'- oriented, and effective measures for improvement in the ‘'process’' part are still lagging due to different reasons. Also quality measures are focused on ‘'Within National Boundaries’' and emphasis is laid merely on quality audit and accreditation. This paper critically appraises the pros and cons of quality assurance on the mobility of the students as the number of foreign students in India is dwindling and the interest of Indian students in foreign Institutes of Higher Education is rising. Findings of this study suggest that mere mechanical quality control and quality assurance cannot sustain the interest of the students in Indian Higher Education Institutes and the need is of launching quality enhancement programs in a quality culture environment.
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