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Social Closure and Gender Gap in Earnings : Evidence from a Multi-level Analysis of Census 2000

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Authors
Ryu, Kirak
Issue Date
2009-06
Publisher
Institute for Social Development and Policy Research, Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University
Citation
Development and Society, Vol.38 No.1, pp. 123-163
Keywords
Social ClosureGender GapSex SegregationGate-keepingRent-Sharing
Abstract
Using data from the U.S. Census 2000 and other secondary source, this paper elaborates on social closure mechanisms that restrict access to remunerative occupations and investigates how gender inequality in rewards is conditioned by those closure devices. Hypotheses are tested to see whether social closure devices based on educational credentialing, opportunities for occupation-specific skills training and unionization work in gender-specific manner or not. Hierarchical linear models of regressing gender gap in earnings on social closure variables are estimated. Findings suggest that educational credentialing and unionization work to the advantage of female employees, while skills training dimension of social closure has no significant effect.
ISSN
1598-8074
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/86719
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소)Development and Society Development and Society Vol.38 No.1/2 (2009)
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