S-Space College of Music (음악대학) Asian Music Research Institute (동양음악연구소) Journal of the Asian Music Research Institute (동양음악) 민족음악학 Volume 12 (1990)
Tang Music and music of the Song dynasy Lectures for SNU
- Picken, Laurence
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 음악대학 동양음악연구소
- 민족음악학, Vol.12, pp. 13-24
- With the publication of Fascicle 6 of our series: Music from the Tang Court, my former doctoral pupils and 1 will have completed our transcription and, together with Professor Noel Nickson, our preliminary study of the first mode-key group of that portion of the repertory of Japanese Court Music known as Togaku/Tangyue (唐樂) -'Tang Music' in the sense of the tunes revealed on transcribing the oldest scores for mouth-organ, zither, and lute.
It is necessary to use a term such as 'mode-key' since the Chinese term diao 'system' (調), and in particular the 28 diao of the Tang, comprised four different heptatonic octavespecies, or note-sets, each in seven different keys. This first mode-key group, known to the Japanese as Ichikotsu-cho, (一越調), was known
to the Chinese simply as Yuediao (趣調). I suggest that the '1' crept into the name of
the mode-key because the Yuediao was the first mode in the system of Tang.
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