S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering (건설환경공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_건설환경공학부)
Detoxification of phenol through bound residue formation by birnessite in soil: Transformation kinetics and toxicity
- Jung, Jae Woong; Lee, Seunghwan; Ryu, Hyerim; Kang, Ki Hoon; Nam, Kyoungphile
- Issue Date
- Taylor & Francis
- J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A 2008, 43, 255-261
- Oxidative coupling reaction of phenol mediated by birnessite was studied in aqueous phase and soil. Phenol was readily transformed by birnessite and almost all phenol disappeared in both samples after 24 hours of reaction. Phenol transformation kinetics was investigated by plotting reaction time against logarithm concentrations of residual phenol, revealing that exponential decrease of phenol was evident both in aqueous phase and soil, and maximum removal rates were 2.31-2.54 times higher in the presence of soil. Reaction products of phenol were identified by LC-MS and capillary electrophoresis. In aqueous phase, polyphenols were formed by self-coupling reaction of phenoxy radicals whereas phenol was found to be present as bound residues in soil, probably due to the cross-coupling reaction between the radicals and soil organic matter. Microtox System was employed to determine the toxicity after birnessite treatment, and the toxicity of phenol-spiked solution and soil samples decreased remarkably compared to that of phenol solution before treatment.
- 1093-4529 (print)
- Files in This Item: There are no files associated with this item.