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Determination of biodegradation potential by two culture-independent methods in PAH-contaminated soils

Cited 8 time in Web of Science Cited 14 time in Scopus
Authors
Moon, Sun Moon; Kahng, Hyung-Yeel; Kim, Jae Young; Kukor, Jerome J.; Nam, Kyoungphile
Issue Date
2006-04
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Environmental Pollution 140, 536-545
Keywords
CatalaseExiguobacteriumExtremohalophileGene expressionSuperoxide diomutase
Abstract
Exiguobacterium sp. CNU020, an alkaliphile and extremohalophile bacterium, is resistant to 20 mM H2O2, a concentration that is lethal to most bacteria. Representative antioxidant genes of catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD), obtained by PCR amplification of the genomic DNA, were characterized: the 252-bp catalase gene shared 77% similarity in the deduced amino acid sequence to that of E. oxidotolerans T-2-2(T). The 420-bp SOD gene had the closest similarity (94.3%) to the manganese-SOD of E. sibiricum 255-15. Through activity-staining analysis, stain CNU020 had at least four catalase isoforms: C1, C2, C3 and C4. Expression of each catalase isoform was dependent on the growth phase and oxidants but two catalases (C3 and C4) were always induced and expressed at a similar rate, indicating that they were constitutively expressed. RT-PCR-based expression analysis at the transcriptional level suggested that the catalase gene is strongly expressed in response to 2 mM H2O2, 0.2 mM Paraquat and 0.2 mM menadione. However, the SOD gene exhibited no observable expression pattern with 2 mM H2O2 despite its strong expression when exposed to Paraquat and menadione.
ISSN
0269-7491
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/8767
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2005.06.028
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering (건설환경공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_건설환경공학부)
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