S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute for Russian, East European & Eurasian Studies (러시아문화권연구소) 러시아연구 (Russian Studies) 러시아연구 Volume 04 (1994)
왜 구소련은 실패했고 중국은 성공하였는가? -초기경제개혁 과정의 비교-
Why the Former Soviet Union Failed and the China Succeeded? - A Comparison of the Early Stages of the Reforrn -
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 러시아연구소
- 러시아연구, Vol.4, pp. 305-326
- Given that the Deun Xiaoping’s leadership was more conservative than Gorbachev' s leadership, how should one explain the contrasting post-reform economic performances of the USSR and China? With the aim of solving the ‘'puzzle" of the differences in performance, this paper argues that in several important aspects of the reform strategies, the Chinese were more shrewd and radical than the Soviets, although the initial conditions for success of the reform were indeed more favorable for China. The basic idea is that despite the same failure in state sector reform in both countries, China, in contrast to the Soviets, has succeeded in creating many new non-state economic entities which have served as the “engine" of growth and which have contributed to the emergence of a new more market-oriented economic environment.