S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute for Russian, East European & Eurasian Studies (러시아문화권연구소) 러시아연구 (Russian Studies) 러시아연구 Volume 09 Number 1/2 (1999)
러시아어 부정생격구문 연구 - 부정대격구문, 부정주격구문 및 부분(생)격구문과의 비교 고찰
The Genitive of Negation in Russian - A Comparison with Accusative, Nominative and Partitive Constructions
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 러시아연구소
- 러시아연구, Vol.9 No.2, pp. 1-40
- In the traditional view the Russian genitive of negation is usually considered optional, because it may substitute accusative or nominative case. However, the choice of cases is determined by the speaker’s consideration of discourse coherence and ultimately of his. overall speech plan. I assume that the genitive of negation has a state-existential operator in assertion structure, while the accusative or the nominative of negation doesn’t. In this respect, the genitive of negation can be grouped together with partitive, existential and impersonal constructions. They all share a total-situational viewpoint, while accusative or nominative construction manifests an agentive or a patientive viewpoint.
The state-existential operator assigns [+Partitive] to an NP within the assertion structure and this [+P] marking is usually signalled by genitive or partitive case. This approach argues against the traditional view that the genitive of negation and partitive construction should be treated separately. To support the argument, the asymmetry between positive and negative sentences and the role of aspect are examined.
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