미국 보수교회의 성장과 새로운 영성의 추구
Conservative Churches and New Religious Movements in Contemporary America
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 미국학연구소
- 미국학, Vol.23, pp. 1-21
- It is said that American religions are in crisis now. Some say that religions are facing up to secularization in this age of science and the prevalence of religious pluralism results in a radical relativization of belief systems in the States. This is true. However, an extreme spiritual cnsls always invites a new spiritual revaluation of the status quo. In other words, if it is a period of disenchantment, it is also a period of longing now. To me, the evidence is decisive: Human nature cannot stand a vacuum in systems of f;밍th. If so, where is sacredness located in America today? Probably we may consider two areas: conservative churches and new religious movements. Fun damentalists,evangelical conservatives and new evangelicals have continued to thrive, irrespective of popu]ar secularization and religious pluralism. And New Age movements, cult movies, cult music, etc. have introduced new hierophanies in UlÚque forms of cults and a wide spectrum of various avant-garde cultures. In this context, it is very important that these two trends of conservative churches and new religious movements come in contact with each other these days. That is, the growth of extremely conservative churches often reveals something like cults' and understanding cults often aids in analyzing the sectarian pursuits of mainline churches.