미국 대외 경제정책 변천
The Evolution of the U.S. Trade Policy
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 미국학연구소
- 미국학, Vol.23, pp. 85-125
- This paper discusses how U.S trade policies have evolved over the period from 1930s to 1990s and analyzes the causes and implications of the changes that have taken place in the American trade policies during this period. There are many factors that can exert influence on the trade policies of a country. Internal factors such as economic and political situations as well as the external environments could both be important in the making of US trad policy. Protectionism was prevalent in US trade policies in the 1930s with the establishment of Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act while U.S. has been favorable to liberal policies since the end of the Cold War in accordance with turbulent changes in the worlds economic environment. Moreover, U.S. trade policies since the 1990s has begun to take on diverse roads, where the U.S. has adopted the so called multi-track policy, which includes multilateralism unilateralism, bilateralism as well as regionalism, in order to maximize its own benefit.