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미국 주도 세계화의 국제체계
The Nature of the World System in the Age of Pax Americana

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Authors
백창재
Issue Date
2005
Publisher
서울대학교 미국학연구소
Citation
미국학, Vol.28, pp. 85-107
Keywords
미국 패권(U. S. hegemony)근대국제체계(modern international(inter-state)system)탈근대 국제체계(post modern world system)세계화(globalization)단극성(unipolarity)국제체계의 안정성(stability of international system)
Abstract
Beginning aftεr the peace of Westphalia, the modem inter-state system has operated on three principles as neo-realists explain: First, the unit comprising the system is the state that has exclusive sovereignty both internally and externally; Second, the system is an anarchy, that is, has no central authority governing the behavior of units; Third, the system is a selp-help system since there is no centrai authority to help and every unit tries to survive short, modem inter-state system is a world of power politics where sovereign states compete each other to take relative advantages After the end of the Cold War, however, it has often been observed that modem inter-state system has been going through fundamental changes: The state has “retreated" under the pressure of globalization; Transnational or supranational entities such as 1O’s and INGO’s have gained more influences over the states; Inter-state system is no longer an anarchy; The States have been increasingly willing to cooperate with each other to solve transnational problems. Europe has been the exact case where the post-modern world system replaces modem inter-state system. Yet, the world system forming after the retreat of the modem inter-state system has other distinct features: It is a unipolar system prevailed by U. S. hegemony; Economic globalization, which requires larger size for any economic entities to survive, disintegrates as well as integrates the states; New technologies for social organization such as global or regional governance increasingly change people’s identities and loyalties. I designate these three as driving forces of the current globalization which decides the nature of the coming world system.
ISSN
1229-4381
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/88583
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Researcher Institutes (연구소)American Studies Institute (미국학연구소)미국학미국학 Volume 28 (2005)
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