S-Space Researcher Institutes (연구소) American Studies Institute (미국학연구소) 미국학 미국학 Volume 32 Number 1/2 (2009)
오바마 행정부의 출범과 미국의 대 한반도 안보정책 함의
Inauguration of Obama Administration and US Security Policy toward Korean Peninsula
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 미국학연구소
- 미국학, Vol.32 No.1, pp. 145-167
- US Foreign Policy(미국외교정책); US and Asia(미국과 아시아); Korea-US Alliance(한미동맹); US-North Korea Relations(미북관계); American Presidential Election(미국대선)
- Making of US foreign policy is expected to undergo no small amount of change as new Democratic President, Barack Obama has taken the office. US foreign policy will take a turn for a more Liberal Internationalist approach under the Democratic Obama administration, and Obamas policy toward Asia and Korean peninsula will proceed under the broad framework of Liberal Internationalist foreign policy tradition of the Democratic Party. During the Bush administration Asia and not receive a fair share of attention from the US, because the US had been largely preoccupied with Iraq. Il is expected that strategic importance of Asia to the US will loom larger under the Obama administration. President Obrama will attempt to maintain peace and order in Asia by preserving and strengthening traditional alliances and partnerships. Additionally, his administration will strive to adjust to new regional trends towards multilateralism, Obamas inauguration is unlikely to change basic tenets of Korea-US alliance, The decision to strengthen and upgrade t he alliance partnership had been arrived at by previous administrations in both countries after lengthy discussion for a long period of time. Obama administration is not in a position to ignore this consensus without any apparent reasons. Obama acknowledges that Korea-US alliance has been a remarkably strong and successful one and that ties that bind the two countries proved to be very resilient. In the spirit of upgrading Korea-US alliance from defense-bused one to a more value-based, future oriented one, the new administration in the US will ask Korea to expand alliance responsibility and join in efforts to counter terrorism in Afghanistan. It is speculated that Obama might adopt a more diplomatic and friendlier appraoch to North Korea and problems associated with North Korea. But if Obama thinks that diplomatic options are exhausted and North Korea does not reciprocate American goodwill and refuses verifiable dismantlement of nuclear weapons. it should not. come as a surprise to see Obama' s policy toward North Korea revert to that of early George W Bush.