S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소) 지리학논총 (Journal of Geography) 지리학논총 Volume 04 (1977)
淸潭 李重煥의 地理思想에 關한 硏究
Geographical Thoughts of Yi Chung-hwan, Korean Human Geographer in the Eighteenth Century
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국토문제연구소
- 지리학논총, Vol.4, pp. 25-39
- Yi Chung-hwan, born in 1690, was a officer of the defense ministry. But he was exiled to a remote island in 1726 because of the political upheaval in Korea, and again expelled to a remote island area in 1727. When he was purged from the government, he left Seoul and travelled in all the provinces of the country except Pyongan and Cholla provinces as far as his legs could carry him. Even though he did not travel according to a plan, he observed the people and physical environment of almost areas of Korea. Yi's biography is unclear regarding the life after his release, but it is believed that he completed his major work, Taengniji in 1750. Taengniji literally means the geography of selecting a settlement. The book is based on Yi Chung-hwan's observations during some twenty years of travel on the Korean are3.s. The importance of Taengniji lies in the regional geography of Korea and the theory concerning the optimum location for settlement. Prior to this publication Korean geography was the chorography written largely by the government agencies. But Yi's approach differed from this tradition. Yi Chung-hKan's basic thought is the pursuit of the optimum location for human life. He analyzed factors of settlement location in order to pursue his thought. _ Another thought is the realistic solutions of the national security problems.