S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소) 지리학논총 (Journal of Geography) 지리학논총 Volume 15 (1988)
非自生的 都市成長과 成長要因의 外部性에 대한 硏究
A Study of Non-spontaneous Urban Growth Process and the Externality of Urban Growth Factors
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국토문제연구소
- 지리학논총, Vol.15, pp. 119-128
- This study examine and explain the urban growth processes and structural change of Busan City, which was based on the hypothesis that urban growth process of Busan City has been non-spontaneous, through historical-structural approaches. In addition this study consider non-spontaneous characteristics of urban growth factors. The main concept and the viewpoint of urban growth in this study are urbanization debates in Political economy and Dependency theory. Population size of Busan is over 3.5million, the second largest in Korea(1986). The economic status of Busan also meet population size. Busan is the largest harbor in Korea, a core of the South-East Industry Region, and leads the commercial and industrial development of that region. In spatial perspective, Busan is checking the excessive growth of the Capital Seoul and takes charge of attempting the balance of the territory. In spite of these status in Korea, however, the urban growth processes of Busan have successively related to external influences. The external influences have related to the social change and regions whose size are various; this includes word, nation, city; that, the opening of the nation, colonial history, war, industrialization, the change of international relations and so forth. These external influences have been the real forces of urban growth of Busan. External forces gave urban growth motive to a small region which had no potentiality of development, and caused urban growth to that region. But this growth had no relation the purpose of that region's own.