總體主義的 環境倫理論의 再構成을 위한 一硏究 - Aldo Leopold의 ‘The Land Ethic'에 관한 論議를 中心으로
A Reinterpretative Study on Aldo Leopold’ s 'the Land Ethic' : Toward a Reconstruction of Holistic Environmental Ethic

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서울대학교 국토문제연구소
지리학논총, Vol.21, pp. 53-70
환경론심층생태학총체주의적 환경윤리The Land Ethicenvirorunentalismdeep ecologyholistic envirorunental ethicsAldo Leopold’s
The purpose of this study which is rooted in the ground of special discussion on the Aldo Leopold's 'The Land Ethic' is a critique of misanthropy and of making light of the democracy of human societies appeared in the arguments on holistic environmental ethics. Deep ecologists commonly emphasize the holistic view and are concerned mainly with environmental ethics. Therefore they develop the 'holistic environmental ethics.' Perhaps, one of the typical statements in these holistic environmental ethics Is Aldo Leopold's one. In this study, I sought to regard Leopold's arguments as non-anthropocentric but not misanthropic, in other words, Non-anthropocentric Rule Holism. Major contents are as follows: 1. I point out that various classification schemata employed by authors on environmentalism

are looking over 'ecological' nature of modern environmental concerns. I suggest, thus, a new classification scheme. And I take a view of environmental ethics in environmentalism and classify the various logics of the envirorunental ethics into Anthropocentric Individualism! Non-anthropocentric Individualism! Non-anthropocentric Holism! Anthropocentric Holism. In this classification schme, Leopold' s argument may be located in conflict area between Anthropocentric Holism and Non-anthropocentric Holism. 2. I identify the major significances of Leopold's statement in contrast with utilitarianism (specially Mill's one). And in the process, I also characterize the arguments which many envirorunental ethicists suggest in relation to Leopold as Non-anthropocentric Action Holism, since I think that they understand Leopold's one in simple contrast with utilitarianism. Futher I

point out the contradictions they involved. 3. I identify Leopold's ecological epistemology as Socratic one, and analyze his statements in terms of modern ecological understanding. Futher, I find that 'a thing' in his statement is not action but rule. So we could characterize Leopold's envirorunental ethic as Non-anthropocentric Rule Holism.
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소)지리학논총 (Journal of Geography)지리학논총 Volume 21/22 (1993)
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