S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소) 지리학논총 (Journal of Geography) 지리학논총 Volume 21/22 (1993)
서울시 인쇄업의 국지적 노동시장에 관한 연구
Local Labor Markets of the Printing Industry in Seoul
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국토문제연구소
- 지리학논총, Vol.22, pp. 57-76
- 국지적 노동시장; 국지화된 노동력 재생산; 고용관계; 주거지 입지; 국지화된 취업과정; 사회적 성관계; 직주간 거리; local labour market; localized reproduction of labour; employment relation; residential location; localized job search process; gender relation; distance between workplace and residence
- The purpose of this study is to analyze local labour markets which have been formed by the interaction between industrial location and production methods, and the reproduction of labour. The study attempts to analyse the impact of the development of industry and workers' community like on the urban spatial structure. In particular, the study focuses in the way in which a worker's job and his/her residence are locationally interrelated in a local labour market. The printing industry in Seoul is taken as a case in this study. The major fingings of this study are as follows: The printing industry in Seoul is comprised of two groups of businesses : smaller ones which are in change of flexible small lot production and big businesses characterized by mass production. The two groups of businesses employ different production methods, which in turn form two different industrial spaces: a central city region is characterized by a cluster of small businesses, whereas the Kuro-Youngdeungpo region in the peripheral area of Seoul is characterized by big businesses. The local labour markets· of the two regions differ. The labour market of the central city region is composed of various types of workers, and shows a high turnover rate and flexible, unstable employment relations. The labour market of the Kuro-Y oungdeungpo region is characterized by a high percentage of blue-collar workers and relatively stable employment relations. The differences in the local labour markets are based on the differences in production methods. To understand the locational interrelation between workplace and residence, labour markets are analysed from the viewpoint of labour reproduction as well as that of production methods.