S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소) 지리학논총 (Journal of Geography) 지리학논총 Volume 23/24 (1994)
농가 경영분화의 유형과 특성 - 화순군 농주면 천덕리 사례연구
Types of a Differentiation and Characteristic by Farm Management - A Case Study of Ch’ondog-Ri, Nungju-Myeon, Hwasun-Gun
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국토문제연구소
- 지리학논총, Vol.24, pp. 69-81
- 농업노동력; 농업기계화; 농가유형분화; agricultural force; agricultural mechanization; types of farm management
- The purpose of this study is to investigate the differentiation of farm management and adaptation that results from the change of a structure of agricultural labor-force and the development of agricultural mechanization in 1980s. The study area is Ch'ondog-Ri, Nungju-Myeon, Hwasun-gun. The results from the questionnaire survey are primarily used for the analysis. The result of the study is as follows. First, A dramatic depopulation mostly of the young and men results in weakness of agricultural labor-force. Adaptation styles for the shortage of agricultural labor-force make different appearances in accordance with farm management. Namely, Paddy rice farming accelerates agricultural mechanization, but commercial farming strengthens a family labor-force, in particular, women's labor-force. In addition, Pumasi and co-operation working will fade away soon. Second, The major factor for differentiation of farm management in study area is the agricultural mechanization, which is introduced not because it makes a profit but because it substitutes for needing of labor-force. Being mostly young and not always rich, they don't secure the optimal size of cultivated area needed for the for the use of the maximal capacity of the agricultural machine. So they seek to rent land or be entrusted with farm work. On the other sides, Entrusting farmers show different aspects according to demographic and economic characteristic. While a young farmer that cultivates small land selects a part-time farming, A old household carries on intensive farming such as vegetables and green house in strengthening household labor-force.