S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소) 지리학논총 (Journal of Geography) 지리학논총 Volume 25/26 (1995)
서울시 사무기능의 공간분화에 대한 연구 - 대기업 본사를 중심으로 -
Spatial Fragmentation of Office Activity in Seoul : A Case Study of Corporate Head Offices
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국토문제연구소
- 지리학논총, Vol.26, pp. 51-76
- spatial fragmentation of office activity; divisional structure; functional structure; organization structure of firm; 사무기능의 공간분화; 사업부 조직; 기능 조직; 조직구조 변화; back office
- With the advent of 'information society', metropolitan areas are experiencing the growth of the service industry and office employment. This study analyzed locational changes of office activities in Seoul, focusing on spatial fragmentation of office activities. By way of identifying these locational changes of office activity which is becoming the key activity in metropolitan economy, we can predict the changes of urban structure in future society. To examine the spatial reorganization of office activities and office activity cores, locational patterns of corporate head offices are analyzed using statistical data and the spatial fragmentation by function is surveyed from the case study of in-depth interview, questionnaire. Specifically the spatial fragmentation of office activity by function is examined with focus on the organization structure of firms. According to this study, both within 'divisional structure' and within 'functional structure,' office activities have been fragmentized. Divisional structure and functional structure are considered two main organizational structures of firms. The major findings of this study are as follows: 1 With the analysis of spatial structure of the office activities, CBD, Youido, and Kangnam district are ascertained as the major office activity cores which are specialized in a particular set of industries. Small and medium sized offices tend to locate in Kangnam district whereas the larger offices locate in CBD. These cores have hierarchical relationship in which CBD is laid on the top.