S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소) 지리학논총 (Journal of Geography) 지리학논총 Volume 25/26 (1995)
출산·사망력의 지리적 차이와 그 변화 - 1970~1990년을 중심으로 -
Spatial Variation of Fertility and Mortality and Its Change 1970-1990
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국토문제연구소
- 지리학논총, Vol.26, pp. 77-103
- 출산 · 사망력의 지역격차; 증가-감소 가설; 지리적 차이; 출산 · 사망력의 변천; spatial variation; regional differentials; divergence & convergence model; fertility & mortality transition
- In relation to spatial differentials which has been dealt with in geography literature, there is 'Divergence-convergence model' of fertility and mortality change in the field of population geography. 'Divergence-convergence model' expresses regional differentials of fertility and mortality diverge initially and converge eventually with fertility and mortality transition. But this simple framework of divergence and convergence has been criticized and modified in a number of ways. Therefore this paper examined whether 'Divergence-convergence model' of fertility and mortality is justitied for South Korea. In other words, this paper aims to how the spatial variation of fertility and mortality with fertility and mortality transition has changed and what is the geographical characteristics of spatial differentials. As the measures of ferti1ity and mortality, general fertality rate and standardized mortality rate is used and as the indicator of magnitude of spatial variation, coefficient of variation. The data sources for the number of births and deaths are 1980-1993 the vital statistics year books and the main research periods is every 5 years from 1970 to 1990. The research findings are as follows. In the analysis of fertility, First, the spatial variation became to increase at the similar time to fertility reduction and then decrease-increased. In other words, the regional differentials peaked in 1970, 1975 year and then decreased to 1985 year, 1990 increased again.