S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소) 지리학논총 (Journal of Geography) 지리학논총 Volume 27/28 (1996)
수도권 농작물 생산의 변화와 농업공간 분화 - 1980년대를 중심으로 -
Agricultural changes and regional differentiation in Seoul Metropolitan Area , 1980-1990
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국토문제연구소
- 지리학논총, Vol.28, pp. 1-14
- 수도권; 농업의 선택적 성장; 작부구조; 농업공간 분화; 내측접지; Seoul Metropolitan Area; agricultural polarization; crop combination; regional difference of agriculture; inner fringe
- This study aims to identify the change in regional structure of agriculture in Seoul Metropolitan Area between 1980 and 1990. For this, changes in crop production and its spatial variation is analyzed and regionalization is conducted by crop combination method. Crops are classified into eight crop types as follows; rice, barely(including corn, millet), pulses, potatoes, vegetables, orchard, special crop and greenhouse horticulture. Crop data is obtained from 1980 and 1990 Agricultural Census and analysed at Si(市), Eup(邑), and Myun(面) scale.
Change in agricultural production do not support the tendency of agricultural degeneration in metropolitan area which some authors argue. Rather, a trend of agricultural polarization was identified: greenhouse horticulture, special crops and rice has increased in the absolute acreage and cutivated ratio, while other crops decline remarkably. And regional concentration of crop production becomes more prominent. Upland crops(barley, pulses, potatoes), orchard and greenhouse horticulture become spatially more concentrated.
The extent of crop-mix change are different in relation to distance from Seoul, traffic route and physical condition. The contiguous regions to the Seoul's edge, so-called inner fringe, have experienced the remarkable change in crop combination. In the analysis of crop combination, agricultural regions in Seoul metropolitan area are classified into five types. most of region belongs to rice monoculture type(R) or rice-vegetable combination type(RV), in 1980 and 1990, represenatively. Crop-combination type is varied in many region during this period. Region which changed into more intensive agricultural system, are concentrated in inner fringe. On the other hand, crop types of much more regions, which are distributed mainly over outer fringe or eastern zone of Seoul Metropolitan Area, change into rice mono-culture type, less intensive landuse system. In summary, agricultural change during 1980-1990 period accerlates the spatial uneven development of agriculture. It means that the spatial structure of agriculture in Seoul metropolitan area are influenced by economic, technologicla factor than physical condition.