S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute of Korean Political Studies (한국정치연구소) 한국정치연구 (Journal of Korean Politics) 한국정치연구 Volume 11 Number 1/2 (2002)
Challenges to Democratic Governance in Indonesia
- Kadir, Suzaina
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 한국정치연구소
- 한국정치연구, Vol.11 No.1, pp. 89-115
- Indonesia began its protracted transition to democracy in May 1998 when the thirty-two year reign of General Suharto came to an abrupt end amidst violent demonstrations on the streets of Jakarta. Suharto transferred power to a civilian, B.J. Habibie, who proceeded to lift the existing ban on the number of political parties and announced that general elections would be held within a year. This led to an impressive mushrooming of political parties, from three to one hundred and forty-eight within a matter of a few months. The euphoria in the country was hard to mask as once-banned publications resurfaced while various associations and organizations found new voices in the public arena. The general elections held a year later was seen by many as a culmination of Indonesia's political transition. There were pronouncements of hope from Indonesian and foreign observers alike that the country was finally on its way to setting up a democratic political system.
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