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The influence of the treatment response on the impact of resection margin status after preoperative chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer

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dc.contributor.authorLee, Joo Ho-
dc.contributor.authorChie, Eui Kyu-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Kyubo-
dc.contributor.authorJeong, Seung-Yong-
dc.contributor.authorPark, Kyu Joo-
dc.contributor.authorPark, Jae-Gahb-
dc.contributor.authorKang, Gyeong Hoon-
dc.contributor.authorHan, Sae-Won-
dc.contributor.authorOh, Do-Youn-
dc.contributor.authorIm, Seock-Ah-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Tae-You-
dc.contributor.authorBang, Yung-Jue-
dc.contributor.authorHa, Sung W-
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-04T04:28:46Z-
dc.date.available2014-03-04T04:28:46Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-05-
dc.identifier.citationBMC Cancer Vol.13, pp. 1-9ko_KR
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2407/13/576-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10371/91013-
dc.description.abstractBackground : Circumferential resection margin (CRM) and distal resection margin (DRM) have different impact on clinical outcomes after preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery. Effect and adequate length of resection margin as well as impact of treatment response after preoperative CRT was evaluated.
Methods : Total of 403 patients with rectal cancer underwent preoperative CRT followed by total mesorectal excision between January 2004 and December 2010. After applying the criterion of margin less than 0.5 cm for CRM or less than 1 cm for DRM, 151 cases with locally advanced rectal cancer were included as a study cohort. All patients underwent conventionally fractionated radiation with radiation dose over 50 Gy and concurrent chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine. Postoperative chemotherapy was administered to 142 patients (94.0%). Median follow-up duration was 43.1 months.
Results : The 5-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) rates, and locoregional control rates (LRC) were 84.5%, 72.8%, 74.2%, and 86.3%, respectively. CRM of 1.5 mm and DRM of 7 mm were cutting points showing maximal difference in a maximally selected rank method. In univariate analysis, CRM of 1.5 mm was significantly related with worse clinical outcomes, whereas DRM of 7 mm was not. In multivariate analysis, CRM of 1.5 mm, and ypN were prognosticators for all studied endpoints. However, CRM was not a significant prognostic factor for good responders, defined as patients with near total regression or T down-staging, which was found in 16.5% and 40.5% among studied patients, respectively. In contrast, poor responders demonstrated a significant difference according to the CRM status for all studied end-points.
Conclusions : Close CRM, defined as 1.5 mm, was a significant prognosticator, but the impact was only prominent for poor responders in subgroup analysis. Postoperative treatment strategy may be individualized based on this finding. However, findings from this study need to be validated with larger cohort.
ko_KR
dc.language.isoenko_KR
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd.ko_KR
dc.subjectRectal cancerko_KR
dc.subjectPreoperative chemoradiotherapyko_KR
dc.subjectResection marginko_KR
dc.subjectTreatment responseko_KR
dc.titleThe influence of the treatment response on the impact of resection margin status after preoperative chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancerko_KR
dc.typeArticleko_KR
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor이주호-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor지의규-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor김규보-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor정승용-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor박규주-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor박재갑-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor강경훈-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor한세원-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor오도연-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor임석아-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor방영주-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor하성우-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-2407-13-576-
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
dc.rights.holderJoo Ho Lee et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.date.updated2014-03-01T17:55:53Z-
Appears in Collections:
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Pathology (병리학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_병리학전공)
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_방사선종양학전공)
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Surgery (외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_외과학전공)
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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