SHERP

한국 대통령제의 성공을 실현하기 위한 운영 모델
New Suggestion to overcome the Korean Authoritarian Presidency

Cited 0 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
Authors
정종섭
Issue Date
2002
Publisher
서울대학교 법학연구소
Citation
법학, Vol.43 No3 pp.265-300
Keywords
변형된 대통령제authoritarian presidentialism제왕적 대통령초권력적 대통령제 정부형태
Abstract
Korea has maintained a presidential system since the 1948 Constitution with
the exception of brief period of 1960-1961. Under the presidential system,
Korea was ruled by a military regime and authoritarian government. The new
civilian governments, President Kim Youngsam's government(1992-1998) and
President Kim Daejung's government(1998-now) appeared to show the Korean
presidential system as successful. However, the Korean presidential system is
not successful, even now. In reality, power is centralized with the President
and the National Assembly is weak to control the President's power
effectively. Kim Youngsam and Kim Daejung acted like elected latter-day
kings and criticism was raised. It seems that these governments are forms of
"new dictatorships" or "new authoritarianism". Under Kim Daejung's
administration, populism is very serious as we find this phenomena in
developing countries. This populism and "new authoritarianism" are additional
obstacles to the democratization of Korea.
The current hot issue is revision of the current Constitution to change or
further develop the presidential system. Proposed alternatives are development
of the Korean presidential system like that of the U. S., the adoption of a
parliamentary system or the hybrid system like that of France.
This article aims at suggesting a new model to make current presidential
system be operated successfully without revision of Constitution. I try to
redefine the role of President. The role of President should be restricted to a
'head of state' and a main figure to deal with the reunion, national security,
foreign affairs and President's agenda. The ordinary governmental affairs...
ISSN
1598-222X
Language
Korean
URI
http://lawi.snu.ac.kr/

http://hdl.handle.net/10371/9118
Files in This Item:
Appears in Collections:
College of Law/Law School (법과대학/대학원)The Law Research Institute (법학연구소) 법학법학 Volume 43, Number 1/4 (2002)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse