S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
Effect of frequent laser irradiation on orthodontic pain A single-blind randomized clinical trial
- Kim, Won Tae; Bayome, Mohamed; Park, Jun-Beom; Park, Jae Hyun; Baek, Seung-Hak; Kook, Yoon-Ah
- Issue Date
- Angle Orthodontist, Vol.83, No.4, pp. 611-616
- 복합학; Low-level laser therapy (LLLT); Light-emitting diode (LED); Orthodontic pain; Elastomeric separator; Placebo; Visual analog scale (VAS); Laser irradiation
- Objective: To analyze the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on perception of pain after separator placement and compare it with perceptions of control and placebo groups using a frequent irradiation protocol. Materials and Methods: Eighty-eight patients were randomly allocated to a laser group, a light-emitting diode (LED) placebo group, or a control group. Elastomeric separators were placed on the first molars. In the laser and LED groups, first molars were irradiated for 30 seconds every 12 hours for 1 week using a portable device. Pain was marked on a visual analog scale at predetermined intervals. Repeated measure analysis of variance was performed for statistical analysis. Results: The pain scores of the laser group were significantly lower than those of the control group up to 1 day. The pain scores in the LED group were not significantly different from those of the laser group during the first 6 hours. After that point, the pain scores of the LED group were not significantly different from those of the control. Conclusions: Frequent LLLT decreased the perception of pain to a nonsignificant level throughout the week after separator placement, compared with pain perception in the placebo and control groups. Therefore, LLLT might be an effective method of reducing orthodontic pain.