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조선후기 양산 甘同倉의 설치와 변천
Installation and Transition of Yangsan Gamdongchang in the Late Chosun Dinasty

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Authors
문광균
Issue Date
2014-06
Publisher
서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
Citation
한국문화, Vol.66, pp. 361-391
Keywords
YangsanGamdongchangChoi HyunSaporyang3 JochangKumjung mountain fortress
Abstract
재원의 생산은 소비를 목적으로 한다. 재원은 생산지에서 바로 소비되는 경우도 있지만 보통 운동과 보관이 이루어진 이후 다른 지역에서 소비된다. 이 과정에서 재원의 시간적, 공간적 활용도를 극대화하기 위해 설치된 것이 바로 창고이다. 창고는 생산지에서 집적된 물품을 소비까지 유통시킨다는 점에서 생산과 소비의 장소적 거리를 제거해 주는 한편 저장된 물품을 안전하게 보관하여 수요처에 조달한다는 점에서 시간적 가치를 증대시키는 기능을 가지고 있다. 따라서 국가경제에서 창고가 담당하는 경제적 위상은 결코 낮지 않다. 특히 국가 재정이 대부분 현물로 운영되던 전근대사회에서 창고는 더욱 큰 의미를 지닌다.
Gamdongchang was a warehouse located in Jwayimyeon Yangsangun Gyeongsang Province in the Late Chosun Dinasty. This warehouse was installed in the process of maintaining naval defense system after Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592. In the 2nd year during the reign of Gwanghaegun (1610), Choi Hyun established Gamdongchang in Gubeopgok, the hub of waterway transport for the purpose of ‘military warehouse’ in order to smoothly pay Saporyang, the salary of archers and gunners belonging to naval posts distributed on the southern coast of Gyeongsang Province. And then as the lease of Gyeongsang Province began to offer as Hojo in the 12th year during the reign of Gwanghaegun (1620), Gamdongchang collected the lease of counties and prefectures in the Nakdonggang Estuary. Gamdongchang acted as the role of ‘Jochang’. Thanks to Kapsul-Yangchon in the 12th year during the reign of Injo (1634) and Gongjakmi policy in the 2nd year during the reign of Hyojong (1651), not only new financial resources were kept in Gamdongchang but distribution quantities increased. Yeongnam Daedong Law conducted by the government in the 4th year during the reign of Sukjong (1678) had a decisive impact on the expansion of Gamdongchang. Due to this policy, Gamdongchang collected Daedong rice of 8 eups such as Gamdongchang Gimhae, Miryang, Yangsan, Yeongsan, Uiryeong, Changnyeong, Haman, Hyeonpung. Thus Gamdongchang leaped into the hub warehouse of Gyeongsang Province.
ISSN
1226-8356
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/93054
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Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원)Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.65/68(2014)
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