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Prolonged Therapeutic Hypothermia Is More Effective in Attenuating Brain Apoptosis in a Swine Cardiac Arrest Model

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Authors
Suh, Gil Joon; Kwon, Woon Yong; Kim, Kyung Su; Lee, Hui Jai; Jeong, Ki Young; Jung, Yoon Sun; Lee, Jae Hyuk
Issue Date
2014-02
Publisher
Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Citation
Critical Care Medicine, Vol.42 No.2, pp. E132-E142
Keywords
의약학apoptosisbrainheart arresthypothermiainducedprotein kinase C-δ
Abstract
Objectives: To investigate whether 48 hours of therapeutic hypothermia is more effective to attenuate brain apoptosis than 24 hours and to determine whether the antiapoptotic effects of therapeutic hypothermia are associated with the suppressions of the cleavage of protein kinase C-, the cytosolic release of cytochrome c, and the cleavage of caspase 3 in a swine cardiac arrest model. Design: Prospective laboratory study. Setting: University laboratory. Subjects: Male domestic pigs (n = 24). Interventions: After 6 minutes of no-flow time that was induced by ventricular fibrillation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation was provided, and the return of spontaneous circulation was achieved. The animals were randomly assigned to the following groups: sham, normothermia, 24 hours of therapeutic hypothermia, or 48 hours of therapeutic hypothermia. Therapeutic hypothermia (core temperature, 32-34 degrees C) was maintained for 24 or 48 hours post return of spontaneous circulation, and the animals were rewarmed for 8 hours. At 60 hours post return of spontaneous circulation, the animals were killed, and brain tissues were harvested. Measurements and Main Results: We examined cellular apoptosis and neuronal damage in the brain hippocampal cornu ammonis 1 region. We also measured the cleavage of protein kinase C-, the cytosolic release of cytochrome c, and the cleavage of caspase 3 in the hippocampus. The 48 hours of therapeutic hypothermia attenuated cellular apoptosis and neuronal damage when compared with normothermia. There was also a decrease in the cleavage of protein kinase C-, the cytosolic release of cytochrome c, and the cleavage of caspase 3. However, 24 hours of therapeutic hypothermia did not significantly attenuate cellular apoptosis or neuronal damage. Conclusions: We found that 48 hours of therapeutic hypothermia was more effective in attenuating brain apoptosis than 24 hours of therapeutic hypothermia. We also found that the antiapoptotic effects of therapeutic hypothermia were associated with the suppressions of the cleavage of protein kinase C-, the cytosolic release of cytochrome c, and the cleavage of caspase 3.
ISSN
0090-3493
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/93116
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0b013e3182a668e4
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Emergency Medicine (응급의학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_응급의학전공)
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